Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques which together form a method of treatment for mental health disorders. In a traditional psychoanalytic set up, a patient lies down on a couch and talks about his or her thoughts, including free associations, dreams and fantasies and allows the therapist to have access to their unconscious mind. The therapist on the other hand, tries to weave together these random thoughts and dreams and associations from the patient's world and tries to respond, or confront the defenses of the patient to help him or her gain insight into their pathology and problem. These sessions last for 45-50 minutes and require the patient to see the therapist 4-5 times a week. For the longest time, psychoanalysis remained the only traditional and accepted method of treatment through talking and was called 'the talking cure'.