Cities of the future could be built and repaired by robots and drones mimicking the techniques of nature, according to a study. Exploitation robots ought to reduce human risk, enable tasks to be completed faster and operating alongside construction. The robots could collect data on everything they're doing, helping to boost their practices, according to the study published in the journal Science Robotics.
“The cities of the future could be built and maintained by teams of land-based and flying robots working together to construct, assess, and repair the urban ecosystem of buildings and infrastructure,” aforementioned Mirko Kovac from Imperial College London within the United Kingdom.
“Nature provides ample proof that such collective construction is possible, and by applying a number of these ideas to however drones are constructed, operated and made to collaborate, we tend to might build this dream a reality,” Kovac aforementioned during a statement.
The team looked at examples from nature where teams of organisms use totally different techniques to work together in construction. Several animals in the group take cues from and leverage their environment when constructing or repairing their homes. For example, termites, which sleep in giant ‘super-organism’ colonies, trust pheromones excreted throughout deposition of materials to coordinate construction.
Analyzing these methods of coordination will facilitate researchers design algorithms for the way groups of robots and drones could autonomously work together throughout construction. However, the researchers are also developing drones that are based on nature, through their design and the materials they are made from.
The team is additionally creating individual ‘soft aerial robots’ -- drones made from smart materials and structures that may move dynamically with their environment. These embrace a drone that may dive and leap like a gannet and a spider-inspired drone that can create webs of tensile material and even suspend itself from them, researchers said.
Before they work together on construction, drones are being placed to work repairing existing buildings and infrastructure, like repair patching up pipeline leaks. This important step can enable researchers to create drones that respond to the requirements of a building whereas operating aboard its human inhabitants.