Guwahati, April 26: Dr B Borooah Cancer Institute, in association with the National Centre for Disease Informatics & Research (ICMR), Bangalore organized an ‘Update in Oncology’ at Nazareth Hospital, Shillong on April 21 as part of its outreach programme to disseminate information among doctors about common cancers of the North-East. Due to increase in life expectancy, urbanization and industrialization, increase in population, changes in life-style and habits, prevalence of non-communicable diseases in India has increased from 30% in 1990 to 55% in 2016. As per Population Based Cancer Registry of ICMR, incidence of cancer in North East India varies from 150 – 200 as against National Average of 80 – 110 per lakh of population. North Eastern States contribute about 39,635 cancer patients in a year, out of which the figure for Assam alone stands at 29,962 patients. The burden of cancer in the State of Meghalaya against its population of 29,64,007 is 2,127 every year. Dr AC Kataki, Director, BBCI informed that cancer of oesophagus in both male and female has recorded highest incidence in the State of Meghalaya. Similarly, hypopharyngeal cancer in male is highest in the world in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya. Cancer of tongue in female in East-Khasi Hills district also recorded highest incidence in the country. Tobacco related cancer constitutes 65% of all cancers in male and 42% of all cancers in female in Meghalaya. Fortunately, prevalence of tobacco consumption in the State of Meghalaya as per Global Adult Tobacco Survey Report has dropped from 55% in 2010 to 47% in 2017. Many of the common cancers in the North-east are amenable for prevention and early detection by creating public awareness and cancer screening. All individuals between 30 and 60 years, who are user of tobacco, alcohol and betel nut should undergo oral visual examination in every three years.
Dr Kataki also spoke on the importance of genital hygiene in female & male which has resulted in gradual decline in the incidence of cervical cancer in the country. A large number of doctors from Nazareth Hospital, NEIGRIHMS and Civil Hospital, Shillong participated in the conference. This has been stated in a press release.