FARM Laws 2020
The Indian farm reforms of 2020 refer to three agricultural bills passed by the Parliament of India on 27 September 2020.
The three laws are :- Farmers' Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Act, Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Act, and Essential Commodities (Amendment) Act.
The farmers are protesting laws passed in September, which Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said will give farmers more autonomy to set their own prices and sell directly to private businesses.
Political parties, farm organisations like Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU) and big agricultural bodies like the All India Kisan Sangharsh Coordination Committee (AIKSCC) and some section of farmers are opposing the law.
The laws collectively seek to provide farmers with multiple marketing channels and provide a legal framework for farmers to enter into pre-arranged contracts.
The farmers of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana are angry with the provisions of these Bills as they are afraid that these Bills may replace the support system prevalent in their states for the purchase of their crops.
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This Bill allows the farmers to sell their produce outside the Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) regulated markets.
The APMCs are government-controlled marketing yards or mandis.
The new Farm Bills are set to benefit marginal farmers, who constitute 80 percent of Indian agriculture.
The central government has assured that the MSP (Minimum Support Prices) system will continue several times, but farmers are demanding a written assurance.
Farmers' protest started from August 9, 2020 and now the situation has worsened. The protesting had called for a Bharat Bandh on December 8, 2020.