New Delhi: The Reserve Bank of India's (RBI) sharp increase in income led it to transfer a record-high surplus of Rs 1.76 trillion (lakh crore) to the government, Kotak Securities said on Friday.
According to the Kotak report, RBI's income was driven by higher interest income due to open market operations (OMOs), accounting the change in recording foreign exchange (FX) gains, and writing back of excess risk provisions.
It said that with liquidity already in surplus, the Rs 1.5 lakh crore outflow may prompt the RBI to mop up liquidity and lead to lower than estimated OMO purchases, which is a negative for bonds.
According to Kotak, higher income and no provisions had led to a higher surplus.
"RBI's income more than doubled to Rs 1.9 trillion in 2019 (July 1, 2018-June 30, 2019) led by a 30 per cent higher domestic income at Rs 632 billion from a larger portfolio of rupee securities (OMOs) and Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF)/Marginal Standing Facility (MSF) operations, 173.6 per cent higher foreign income at Rs 750 billion largely driven by Rs 214 billion due to accounting change (weighted average cost of holdings) of FX gains/losses, and Rs 526 billion of write-back of excess risk provision from contingency fund (CF) following the Jalan Committee recommendations.
"With FX related accounting change, FX sales will likely lead to higher earnings compared to earlier. For the more discerning reader: CF adjustment is lower than Rs 526 billion due to reversal of debit of Rs 168.7 billion towards Investment Revaluation Account-Foreign Securities (IRA-FS) in 2018", it said after analyzing the central bank's annual report.
"Without any further provisions to the CF+ADF, expenditure was low at Rs 171 billion. This led to a surplus transfer of Rs 1.76 trillion to the government. Of the Rs 1.76 trillion being transferred, Rs 280 billion has already been paid out towards the FY2019 budget as interim dividend. RBI's balance sheet expanded by 13.4 percent to Rs 41 trillion as of June 30, 2019," the report said.
"On the asset side, domestic and foreign investments rose by 57.2 per cent and 5.7 percent, respectively, with RBI's gold holding increasing by 16.3 percent (RBI bought 51.9 tons through the year). Domestic assets constituted 28 percent, while foreign assets constituted 72 percent of total assets," it added.
Liabilities were led by increase in notes issued, other liabilities (led by higher transferable surplus), and deposits (CRR and reverse repos) by 13.4 percent, 11.1 percent and 17.2 percent, respectively.
"If the balance sheet expands at a similar pace next year, in order to maintain CRB of 5.5 percent (per Jalan Committee), provisions of around Rs 250 billion will likely be needed; thereby lowering the surplus," Kotak said. The report feels the scope of OMOs will reduce once this surplus money comes into the banking system.
"The excess provision from the CF is accounted as domestic earnings and through the income statement as part of a transferable surplus (part of other liabilities on the balance sheet). The surplus moves to the government's deposits with the RBI. "As the government spends (and probably front-loads it) it moves out of the RBI's liabilities and most of it remains in the banking system (and some of it leaks out into currency in circulation). With banking system liquidity already in surplus the surplus liquidity could be mopped up through reverse repos and lower the quantum of OMOs that market would have estimated," it said. (IANS)