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15th of August 1947. That particular day might have been an ordinary or a normal day for any person living outside India; however for the Indians it was a remarkable day. The conspicuous fact is that after struggling under the British rule for almost 200years, the assiduous Indians finally achieved freedom on that distinct date from the British, and that also marked the end of the colonial rule in India. The illustrious tales of the freedom struggle of India always instill within us the qualities of courage, perseverance, determination, love for the nation and respect for those martyrs who sacrificed their lives to gift all the Indians a free nation to live and enjoy. The dream of all our freedom fighters like Mahatma Gandhi, Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Sukhdev, ‘Lal-Bal-Pal’, Subhash Chandra Bose etc to descry a free nation finally became true on the fifteenth day of August 1947 and with that India witnessed her first sun of independence. Moreover on 15th of August, whenever we stand straight to salute our national flag, the glowing sun overhead even gives us flashbacks of the rich history of Indian War of Independence.
However, if we carefully analyze then we will find that the land of India is special to us not only because of its alluring history, but also for all those newsworthy features that the greater mass of India decided to follow or adopt in order to run the country, especially after independence. The fellow Indians felt that in order to maintain peace, prosperity, harmony and the unity in diversity factor of the nation, it was really crucial and essential to frame a set of rules and policies which were unique in their own ways. In fact, before the policy makers drafted or framed the final set of rules and policies, they believed that it was necessary to take the opinions, perspectives and notions of all the people living in India. And that is the reason the Indians first drafted the preamble to the Constitution of India.
The preamble to the Constitution of India was the brief introductory statement that addressed the principles and policies based on which the people of India would be governed and it also indicated the source from which the important document derived its authority i.e. the common people of India. The preamble, which was later also referred to as the preface to the Indian Constitution, basically contained the hopes and aspirations of the people and it clearly stated that, “We The People Of India having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic Republic and to secure to all its citizens, Justice, social economical and political; Liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship; Equality of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all, Fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and integrity of the Nation; In Our Constituent Assembly this twenty-sixth day of November 1949, do Hereby Adopt, Enact and Give To Ourselves This Constitution.”
Thus the preamble did put a light regarding the principles and policies that the citizens of India wanted to be included for the proper administration and management of the country. And taking into consideration all the perspectives of the preamble, the Constitution of India finally came into being with 395 articles divided into 22 parts, making it the largest written constitution of any sovereign country. Added to this, the flexible nature of the Constitution i.e. the provision to amend the constitution with time and changing perspectives also makes it unique in itself. Interestingly, since its adoption, the Constitution has been amended more than 100 times to suit the needs of the people.
India’s distinctive feature of allowing its citizens to select their own leaders via means of casting vote in general elections has also been instrumental in maintaining the democracy in the nation. In fact, the thing that is to known to all of us is that the citizens of India can vote after a period of every five years, symbolizing the very nature of democracy that is prevalent in India. Hence, for allowing its people to select their own leaders to lead the nation, India is regarded as the largest democratic country in the world.
Added to this, the manifest charm in the governance of India also lies in the fact that the nation more often than not goes by the norms of the federal form of government. And because of this federal system of government, powers are divided between a strong national government and smaller local governments. The governments of the 29 respective states of India are made supreme in their own respective places, allowing them to take important decisions necessary for the development of the states. And because of this provision, the palpable fact is that the peace and prosperity factor in the 29 diverse states of India are kept intact.
Furthermore, the establishment of four independent pillars of democracy namely; the Legislative, the Executive, the Judiciary and the Media has also been crucial for the proper execution of principles and policies and for the proper running of the Indian administration. However, in order to carry forward and make India stronger, the amalgamation of these four pillars of democracy is really necessary, but with the mindset to develop the nation as well as to improvise their own proficiencies for the benefit of the citizens. And if that is done properly, then it will not only make India more transparent and vibrant but will also elevate her position among the top nation’s of the world in the days to come.
Thus on 15th of August 2018, when India will celebrate her 71st year of independence, an oath must be taken by the people of India as well as the government in power to develop the nation, maintain peace and harmony, keeping in terms with the unity in diversity factor and also to make India a nation that all our respected martyrs and freedom fighters dreamt of. Added to this, there also remains an additional obligation upon the shoulders of the government to improve the living conditions of the proud citizens of an evergreen nation like India, as well as to properly implement ‘The Uniform Civil Code’, in order to construct the foundation of an unassailable India.