A birth certificate is the most important identity document that makes it possible for anyone in possession of it to benefit from a gamut of services offered by the Government of India to its citizens.
It is necessary to obtain a birth certificate because it serves to establish the date and fact of one's birth for a whole lot of purposes like acquiring the right to vote, admission to schools and to government service, claiming the right to marry at the legally permissible age, settlement of inheritance and property rights, and obtaining government-issued identity documents like a driving licence or passport.
In India, it is mandatory under the law (as per the Registration of Births Act, 1969) to register every birth with the State/UT Government concerned within 21 days of its occurrence.
The government accordingly has provided for a well-defined system for registration of birth, with the Registrar General at the Centre and the Chief Registrars in the States, running through district registrars to the village and town registrars at the periphery.
A list of information which is required to complete the procedure of issuance of birth certificates.
1. Date of birth.
2. City or county of birth.
... Every birth is to be reported and registered within 21 days at the place of its occurrence in the prescribed reporting forms.
... In the event of a failure to register the birth of a child within the stipulated period of 21 days, one has to obtain a non-objection certificate (NOC), which is issued for the child who has crossed the age of one year without obtaining birth certificate.
...This certificate is issued by the district administration to obtain birth certificate, which in turn is issued by the joint director, health services of a district of Assam.
...The applicant has to apply at the receipt counter of the Public Facilitation Centre, Deputy Commissioner's office.
... The operator accepts the application and provides a computer generated receipt of the application.
... A printout of the certificate is taken, based on the data from the application. The certificate, along with the document, is despatched to the officer concerned, and after prior approval of the officer through a sigture, the certificate is sent back to the receipt counter to be issued to the applicant.
...The certificate is issued on the same day as the day of application.