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Here’s all you need to know about Research and New Methods of Cancer Treatment

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Guwahati: As per National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the estimated number of incidence of cancer cases reported in the country during the three years is given below:

Year 2016 2017 2018
Estimated Incidence of cancer cases 14,51,417 15,17,426 15,86,571

Health is a state subject and the Central Government supplements the efforts of the State Governments in preventing and controlling cancer. The objectives of National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS), being implemented by Central Government under National Health Mission (NHM) for interventions upto the district level, includes awareness generation for cancer prevention, screening, early detection and referral to an appropriate level institution for treatment. For cancer, the focus is on three cancers, namely breast, cervical and oral. A population-level initiative for prevention, control and screening for common Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) i.e. diabetes, hypertension and common cancers viz. oral, breast and cervical cancer, has been rolled out in over 215 districts of the country, as a part of comprehensive primary healthcare. Screening of common NCDs including three common cancers i.e. oral, breast and cervical is also an integral part of service delivery under Ayushman Bharat – Health and Wellness Centres. Cancer is diagnosed and treated at various levels in the health care system. In Government hospitals, treatment is either free or highly subsidized. Treatment of cancers is also available under Ayushman Bharat – PradhanMantri Jan ArogyaYojana (PMJAY). Besides this, Affordable Medicines and Reliable Implants for Treatment (AMRIT) Deendayal outlets have been opened at 203 Institutions/Hospitals with an objective to make available drugs and implants at discounted prices to the patients. Under the umbrella scheme of RashtriyaArogyaNidhi, financial assistance is provided to families living below the threshold poverty line for their treatment, including treatment of cancer, in Government hospitals.

Scientific Institutions/Departments such as Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Department of Biotechnology and Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) support research in various filed including treatment of cancer. Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology (SCTIMST), Kerala, has developed a technology to make Curcumin, an active ingredient in Turmeric with anti-cancer properties, water-soluble by binding it with human albumin. This research was supported by ICMR. More studies are however needed to get the regulatory nod.

To enhance the facilities for tertiary care of cancer, the Central Government is implementing Strengthening of Tertiary Care for Cancer Scheme, under which setting up of 19 State Cancer Institutes (SCI) and 20 Tertiary Care Cancer Centres (TCCC) have been approved. The list of such approved SCIs and TCCCs in the country including in the State of Kerala is given below:

State/UT-wise list of approved state Cancer Institutes (SCI) and Tertiary Care Cancer Centres (TCCCs)

S No State Name of the Institute SCI/
1 Andhra Pradesh Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool SCI
2 Assam Gauhati Medical College & Hospital, Guwahati SCI
3 Bihar Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna SCI
4 Chhattisgarh Chhattisgarh Institute of Medical Sciences, Bilaspur SCI
5 Delhi Lok Nayak Hospital TCCC
6 Gujarat Gujarat Cancer Research Institute, Ahmedabad SCI
7 Goa Goa Medical College, Panaji TCCC
8 Haryana Civil Hospital, Ambala Cantt TCCC
9 Himachal Pradesh Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla TCCC
10 ShriLalBahadurShastri Medical College, Mandi TCCC
11 Jammu & Kashmir Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar SCI
12 Government Medical College, Jammu SCI
13 Jharkhand Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi SCI
14 Karnataka Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology (RCC), Bangaluru SCI
15 Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya TCCC
16 Kerala Regional Cancer Centre, Tjiruvananthapuram SCI
17 Government Medical College, Kozhikode TCCC
18 Madhya Pradesh G.R. Medical College, Gwalior TCCC
19 NetajiSubhas Chandra Bose Medical College, Jabalpur SCI
20 Maharashtra RashtrasantTukdoji Regional Cancer Hospital & Research Centre, Nagpur TCCC
21 Government Medical College, Aurangabad SCI
22 Vivekanand Foundation & Research Centre, Latur TCCC
23 Mizoram Mizoram State Cancer Institute, Aizawl TCCC
24 Nagaland District Hospital, Kohima TCCC
25 Odisha AcharyaHarihar Regional Cancer Centre, Cuttack SCI
26 Punjab Government Medical College, Amritsar SCI
27 Civil Hospital, Fazilka TCCC
28 Rajasthan S P Medical College, Bikaner TCCC
29 SMS Medical College, Jaipur SCI
30 Jhalawar Medical College & Hospital, Jhalawar TCCC
31 Sikkim Multispecialty Hospital at Sochygang (Sichey), near Gangtok, Sikkim TCCC
32 Tamil Nadu Cancer Institute (RCC), Adyar, Chennai SCI
33 Telangana MNJ Institute of Oncology & RCC, Hyderabad SCI
34 Tripura Cancer Hospital (RCC), Agartala SCI
35 Uttar Pradesh Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow TCCC
36 Uttarakhand Government Medical College, Haldwani SCI
37 West Bengal Government Medical College, Burdwan TCCC
38 Murshidabad Medical College & Hospital, Berhampore, Murshidabad TCCC
39 SagoreDutta Memorial Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata TCCC

In addition, Tata Memorial Centre, a grant-in-aid institution under the Department of Atomic Energy has informed that following new cancer hospitals have been approved in the last three years:

(i) MahamanaPanditMadanmohanMalviya Cancer Centre and Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.

(ii) Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Vishakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh

(iii) Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital, Mullanpur, Punjab

(iv) Dr B. Borooah Cancer Institute, Guwahati, Assam

(v) Homi Bhabha Cancer Hospital and Research Centre, Muzzafarpur, Bihar.

Further, Oncology is also one of the focus areas in case of new AIIMS and many upgraded institutions under PradhanMantriSwasthyaSurakshaYojana (PMSSY). Setting up of National Cancer Institute at Jhajjar in Haryana and strengthening of Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, Kolkata, are also steps in the same direction.

The Minister of State (Health and Family Welfare), Ashwini Kumar Choubey stated this in a written reply in the Lok Sabha here today.

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