During pregnancy, a mother and her unborn child experience a wide range of physiological and psychological shifts. These advancements can have an effect on mother and infant health even in the most routine pregnancies.
Women who are expecting need access to health resources so they can better care for themselves and feel more independent.
Pregnant women in critical care need hematologic treatment. Pregnancy causes thrombocytosis because the thrombocyte count does not fluctuate.
Aspiration is a greater concern when under general anaesthesia because of the prolonged time it takes for the stomach to empty during labour. It is possible for alkaline phosphatase levels to rise during placental development.
All of your body's net endogenous glucose production happens in your liver when you're not pregnant. Lowered fasting glucose levels are a common side effect of a continuing pregnancy. As a result of pregnancy, insulin sensitivity decreases.
As a result, lean women have a greater increase in insulin levels than obese women do. In a normal pregnancy, a woman's adipose tissue stores increase. Reduced insulin sensitivity in late pregnancy has been linked to the presence of visceral fat.
It includes gum disease, xerostomia, foul breath, and teeth shifting. A woman's hormone levels shift when she becomes pregnant. Extra oestrogen and progesterone are produced by the placenta during pregnancy. Several types of tissues are affected by this. Gingival tissue becomes more reactive to irritants at this time. Babies born to moms with attachment issues are more likely to be premature. Pregnant women are more likely to experience tooth decay. Nausea and vomiting can be devastating to your oral health, as they weaken the protective enamel layer. Pregnant women are more prone to bruising and bleeding, both of which contribute to the build-up of bacteria that causes tooth decay.
Women who deliver their babies early have higher levels of oestrogen in their saliva compared to full-term mothers. Oral mucosa responds to oestrogen in saliva by expanding and shedding, leading to an increase in sub gingival crevice fluid.
The cardiovascular system undergoes major changes due to hormonal shifts during pregnancy. During the first trimester of pregnancy, blood vessels all over the body dilate due to an increase in the hormones oestrogen, progesterone, and relaxin.
In pregnant women, preeclampsia is considered severe when the mother's blood pressure is 160/90 or higher or 110/80 or higher. A dangerous form of hypertension that can occur during pregnancy is called eclampsia.
It was found that having twins increased the risk of hypertension by more than three times compared to having a singleton. Renin levels in preeclamptic patients are lower than in women who are not pregnant.
It's possible that the placenta has a significant role in the development and progression of the illness because of this. For the sake of the foetus and the mother, the placenta receives a substantial amount of blood during a normal pregnancy. Preeclampsia has long been assumed to be caused by a disruption in the blood supply to the uterus and placenta. During pregnancy, a woman's body produces more of the hormone relaxin. The effect is a dilation of the blood vessels.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)
The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus increases in obese and overweight reproductive-age women. Macrosomia, new-born hypoglycaemia, and hyperbilirubinemia are all conditions that are more likely to occur in mothers with GDM. A multitude of things can put you at risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Neither the mother nor the infant is affected by insulin production. Pregnancy causes a gradual and sustained decrease in fasting blood glucose levels. There is evidence that insulin deficiency affects the liver because of the rise in hepatic glucose production that occurs during pregnancy.
Adjusting haematological parameters requires preparing for delivery haemorrhage, which improves homeostasis, and feeding foetal haematopoiesis vitamins and minerals can increase anaemia.
Increases in maternal erythropoietin production cause an increase in red blood cell mass and a decrease in haemoglobin concentration in the blood plasma. a form of anaemia caused by excessive blood diluting.
You may overcome any obstacles you encounter during your pregnancy by:
• Keep appointments as scheduled.
• Prioritise your health.
• Give up drinking and smoking.
• Avoid unhealthy foods.
• Keep a healthy weight.
Also Read: Nutritious may not be always good