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India must move beyond manufacturing to become global product leader

The ‘Local ke liye Vocal’ call came after the Chinese aggression at the border forced the national leadership to look

India

Sentinel Digital DeskBy : Sentinel Digital Desk

  |  19 Aug 2020 4:29 AM GMT

NEW DELHI: The 'Local ke liye Vocal' call came after the Chinese aggression at the border forced the national leadership to look beyond the investment from the neighbouring country and scout for more global partners who can infuse top dollar in the Indian supply chain and product development ecosystem.

From consumer electronics to auto manufacturing, from IT and allied sector to mobile phones, India is now aiming to create a robust local ecosystem by developing the skill set and building the supply chain locally.

The landscape is gigantic and buoyed by the immense opportunity, non-Chinese giants like Apple and Samsung are planning to invest billions of dollars into the manufacturing economy.

Global mobile manufacturing giants Samsung, Foxconn and iPhone maker Pegatron have applied for the Centre's production-linked incentive (PLI) scheme for electronics worth Rs 11.5 lakh crore in the next five years.

Is this sudden shift seeking billions of dollars from the US and non-Chinese tech giants going to help us towards creating an indigenous ecosystem where desi companies can also flourish beyond creating design, helping in R&D and building world-class products?

According to Satya Gupta, Chairman, India Electronics and Semiconductor Association (IESA), the Indian landscape has always been quite diverse, and it is just a perception that everything is happening with respect to Chinese companies only.

"If you look in the past, Nokia and Ericsson had a large presence here. Samsung has now been there for a long time. If you look and segregate the companies other than three large cell phone companies, the rest are non-Chinese," Gupta told IANS.

He said that it is a right strategy for the country to continue to work with global partners. "If you have to be self-reliant, it cannot be achieved through isolation," the IESA executive stressed.

The government now proposes to expand the scope of the PLI scheme to five or six more sectors, including air conditioners and TV sets, leather, chemicals, furniture, tyres and toys in a bid to boost manufacturing in the country.

The bigger question lies ahead: How do we convert our design capability to product leadership? For this, just focusing on manufacturing will not be ideal.

"If we just keep on focusing on manufacturing, it will take us a long time to reach the product leadership. We have to work on our strength rather than just following the model which worked for China," said Gupta, adding that China came with the strength of manufacturing and we are coming with the strength of the design.

According to Pankaj Mohindroo, Chairman, the India Cellular & Electronics Association (ICEA), the investments to expand capacity to achieve the numbers committed in PLI and beyond will be made not only by companies such as Foxconn, Wistron, Pegatron, Samsung and Indian ones like Lava, Micromax, Dixon but also from Chinese firms like OPPO, Vivo and Xiaomi etc.

"The capacity and scale bring competitiveness and competencies and this will expand the sector many times and will develop the entire ecosystem. Design, R&D, capital goods assembly will flourish," Mohindroo said. (IANS)

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