Pitru Paksha venerates deceased ancestors through various ritualistic offerings in the form of 'Shradh' which also represents repaying of debts that ancestors bestow on us through their blessings. It is believed that paying homage through 'Shradh' ritual in Pitru Paksha is an act of repaying the debts of deceased ancestors.
Pindas (cooked rice and barley flour balls mixed with ghee and black sesame seeds) is specifically used in the rituals. Food is also prepared which is offered to crows - considered as messenger of Lord Yama, the god of death. A cow and a dog is also fed alongside feeding the Brahmin who conducted the ritual.