'Caste system in ancient India wasn't rigid'
Kolkata, Jan 24: As India battles the widespread anger following a Dalit research scholar’s suicide, best-selling author Amish Tripathi is trying to drive home the message that in ancient India the caste system was not rigid and was not attributed to one’s birth. Tripathi, who deftly weaves in threads on women’s empowerment and the caste system in his interpretations of Indian mythologies, prefers to reserve his judgement on the Hyderabad University issue since it’s under investigation. But he concedes that oppression continues despite the progress the country has made in the last almost 70 years since independence. Rohith Vemula’s death on January 17 in Hyderabad University after being suspended for allegedly assaulting an ABVP leader has resulted in mass protests across India.
“As far as specific incidents are concerned, learning from the Delhi church attacks and Raghat nun rape case (In West Bengal), it turned out the incidents were not how they were portrayed; so we should stay calm and wait for investigation to conclude. “At a broader level, there is no doubt oppression does take place. We have made improvements in the last 70 years but there is still a long way to go,” Tripathi, who burst on to the scene in 2010 with the popular Shiva trilogy, told IANS in an interview here during the Tata Steel Kolkata Literary Meet. The banker-turned-writer penned the hugely successful “The Immortals of Meluha”, “The Secret of the gas” and “The Oath of the Vayuputras” novels of the Shiva trilogy. His latest “Scion of Ikshvaku” is the first book in the Ram Chandra series - his take on the Indian epic Ramaya. The second book is in progress and talks are on for movie adaptations.
“In my books, I actually speak about the caste system. If you see the genetic research that is coming out, it’s very clear the caste system was not based on birth. In ancient times it was not rigid,” the 41 year-old IIM-Calcutta alumnus contended. As examples, he says Maharishi Valmiki who wrote the Valmiki Ramaya was not born a Brahmin. “The Maharishi who composed the Mahabharata, who compiled the Vedas, was not born a Brahmin, he was born to a fisherwoman. He became a Brahmin... not just a Brahmin... he became a rishi (sage),” Tripathi underlined.
In addition to the textual proof, he also lays strong emphasis on current genetic research. “Research shows till around 1,900 to 2,000 years ago, there was heavy intermingling in India between all groups. That’s the first sign of caste system... there is no inter-marrying. Something happened between 1,500 to 2,000 years ago when the inter-marrying stopped. So some people assume that is when the caste system became rigid. (IANS)