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Child labour highest in East Khasi Hills

FROM A REPORTER

SHILLONG, Feb 5: A study carried out by HAQ: Centre for Child Rights indicated that East Khasi Hills (EKH) has the highest number of Child Labourers between the age group of 5-14 years and Child Marriage Males (0-17 years), whereas the highest number of Child Marriage Female, age between 0-17 years has been identified in South Garo Hills.

Further the state infant mortality rate stands at 47 which are considerably higher than the tiol average of 44. As per the tiol Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) 2015-16, the Under Five Mortality Rate (U5MR) in urban area was 20 and in rural area 43. According to the District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS4) 2012-13, more than 70 percent of both girls and boys in the 6-59 months age group were anemic.

What is more interesting is that 71.7 percent children in rural areas, 88.2 percent Muslim children, 76 percent scheduled castes and 70.4 percent scheduled tribes were anemic.

The Gross Enrolment Ratio within the age group of 6-13 years (Classes I-VIII) was 114.0 during 2011-12 which is higher than the tiol average of 97.4. The dropout ratio of children in the state within 6-13 years (Classes I-VIII) was recorded as 68 in 2011-12 more than 50 percent higher than the tiol average of 40.8. In 2014 around 262 cases of crimes against children was reported.

According to the census of India 2011, the total population in the 0-18 years of age group in the state was 46.52 percent, while in the 0-6 years age group, the population was 19.16 percent of the state’s total population. Further, about 50.27 percent of the child population above 7 years was male and 49.73 percent female.

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Ankur Kalita