New Delhi, April 25: Mukesh (me changed) was a happy 32-year-old with a job as an electrician in a private factory. But his life changed when an innocuous looking patch on his leg three years ago was diagnosed as leprosy. He lost his job, was forced to move out of his one-room flat in Hyderabad and his children were thrown out of school. The whole family had to eventually take to begging to feed themselves.
Mukesh’s story is a stark reminder of the fact that not just treatment but the end of discrimition is the biggest need of those afflicted by leprosy. “Leprosy-affected people are not only physically but also socially backward. They are facing huge inequality,” O. Venkateswarlu, Deputy Legal Advisor, Department of Legal Affairs in the law ministry, said at an NHRC consultation here. Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease, is a chronic infection caused by bacteria. Initially, infections are without symptoms and typically remain this way for five to as long as 20 years. Symptoms that develop include granulomas of the nerves, respiratory tract, skin, and eyes. This may result in a lack of ability to feel pain and thus loss of parts of extremities due to repeated injuries. Despite being easily treated now and discovered to be much less contagious than previously thought, there is a deep stigma attached to leprosy. The concept of heredity, facial disfigurement, mutilation of limbs and a long incubation all contributed to the mystery about its origins, inspiring horror, fear and disgust. chappa, who has been cured of leprosy, said the biggest problem being faced by the affected people was the lack of housing.
“Most leper colonies sprout up along railway tracks or are set up by NGOs and they don’t have legal papers of ownership,” chappa, who lives in one such colony in Andhra Pradesh, told IANS on the sidelines of the consultation, adding that it was important for the government to regularize such colonies.
S.S.Gupta, Deputy Secretary, Department of Disability, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, told IANS that letters have been written to all state governments on this issue, asking them to regularize the land occupied by the leprosy-affected.
chappa also flagged the issue of disability certificates to people cured of the disease as another hurdle. According to government guidelines, disability certificates are issued to people with at least 40 percent disability and they get three percent reservation in jobs.
“It is a huge issue for doctors to issue disability certificates as there are no guidelines available for those affected with leprosy,” chappa pointed out.
According to a tiol Human Rights Commission (NHRC) report that was released at the consultation, the discrimitory provisions in some persol laws that violate the rights of leprosy-affected people also need to be removed. For example, under section 13(V) of the Hindu Marriage Act of 1955, if one party has a virulent and incurable form of leprosy that surfaces after marriage, this becomes a ground for divorce. (ians)