New Delhi/Dili (Timor-Leste), September 7: Health ministers from 11 countries of the WHO South-East Asia region, including India, on Monday signed a declaration pledging to accelerate hard-hitting measures to reduce tobacco use, the WHO said in a statement. With tobacco killing 150 people every hour in the region, the ministers — gathered in the Timor-Leste capital of Dili for the iugural session of the 68th Regiol Committee Meeting of the WHO South-East Asia region — expressed their concern over high tobacco consumption “Tobacco use in South-East Asia is alarmingly high, triggering major health and economic consequences. Tougher actions are needed for tobacco control and prevention,” said Poom Khetrapal Singh, regiol director of WHO South-East Asia region. “Countries must equally tax all tobacco products, ban tobacco advertisements, enforce pictorial warning on cigarette packs and implement ban on public smoking,” she added.
The Dili Declaration called on governments, United tions agencies and partners to accelerate tobacco control in the region which accounts for over one-third of the world’s tobacco use. “Tobacco kills 1.3 million people in the region every year, including people who were exposed to second-hand and third-hand tobacco effects. It is also home to 25 percent of the world’s smokers and 90 percent of the world’s smokeless tobacco users,” the statement said. Tobacco use has been identified as one of the major risk factors for serious diseases of the lung, heart, and cancer. In 2012, an estimated 62 percent deaths in the region were attributed to non-communicable diseases; of these 48 percent were below 70 years.
Highlighting the fact that premature deaths were not only a loss to the families, but also have a huge economic impact on the country, Singh said there was an urgent need to “enforce stringent policies and measures to help people reduce and eventually quit tobacco”. “WHO recommends enhancing awareness on the ill-effects of all types of tobacco products; effective control measures to reduce tobacco consumption and counter-interference of tobacco industry; strengthening taxation systems on tobacco products to reduce consumption, and enhancing surveillance, research and cessation of tobacco use,” she said. Dr Poom Khetrapal Singh, regiol director for South-East Asia, said: “We know that tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable deaths.”
Thailand had graphic pictorial warning on both sides of the pack covering 85 per cent of the area, while Sri Lanka had 85 percent and Nepal 83 percent. The latter intended to go up to 90 percent of the packet, she said adding that more countries were in the process of adopting larger warnings. Many countries had established smoke-free public places and banned advertisement of tobacco products, Singh said. Indonesia, she said, was not a sigtory to the WHO convention on tobacco control, but on its own it had required 40 percent coverage of the cigarette packet with pictorial warning about the dangerous effects of smoking cigarettes. (IANS)