New York, Jan 6: Women who earn less than their male counterparts despite having equivalent education and work-experience are more likely to suffer from depression and anxiety disorder as compared to men, says a study. “Our results show that some of the gender disparities in depression and anxiety may be due to the effects of structural gender inequality in the workforce and beyond,” said lead author Jothan Platt from Columbia University in the US.
“The social processes that sort women into certain jobs, compensate them less than equivalent male counterparts, and create gender disparities in domestic labour have material and psychosocial consequences,” Platt added. The researchers found that among women whose income was lower than their male counterparts, the odds of major depression were nearly 2.5 times higher than men; but among women whose income equaled or exceeded their male counterparts, their odds of depression were no different than men. Where women’s incomes were lower than their male counterparts, their odds of anxiety disorder were more than four times higher. The findings are based on data from a 2001-2002 U.S. population-representative sample of 22,581 working adults ages 30-65. (IANS)