NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court on Wednesday declined to entertain a petition jointly filed by 14 political parties, including the Congress, Trinamool Congress, the AAP, the NCP, and the Shiv Sena-UBT, alleging misuse of investigative agencies in arresting opposition leaders and seeking guidelines on arrest.
A bench headed by Chief Justice DY Chandrachud and comprising Justice JB Pardiwala observed that political leaders do not enjoy an immunity higher than a common citizen and are absolutely on the same footing as common citizens, as it questioned how there can be no arrest unless the triple test is satisfied. The political parties sought a fresh set of guidelines governing the arrest and remand.
Senior advocate Abhishek Manu Singhvi, representing the political parties, tried very hard to convince the court to change its mind and lay down guidelines for the arrest of the leaders of opposition parties. However, the bench stressed that politicians are citizens and cannot enjoy any higher protection, and aggrieved individual politicians can approach the court concerned for an appropriate remedy.
The bench told Singhvi that when political parties argue that there is a chilling effect on the opposition due to the CBI and ED cases against the leaders of the political parties, then the answer lies in the political space and not in courts.
Chief Justice Chandrachud said general principles of law can’t be laid down in the absence of specific facts and added, “We can’t lay down guidelines merely on the basis of some statistics relating to politicians”.
After a detailed hearing in the matter, Singhvi withdrew the petition, which was allowed by the bench.
The political parties sought guidelines to fulfil and realise the guarantee of personal liberty entrenched in Article 21 of the Constitution for all citizens, including those targeted for exercising their right to political dissent and for performing their duties as the political opposition.
The political parties forming the petitioners are: Congress, DMK, RJD, BRS, Trinamool Congress, AAP, NCP, Shiv Sena-UBT, JMM, JD-U, CPI-M, CPI, Samajwadi Party, and J&K National Conference, together representing 45.19 percent of the votes cast in the last state/UT assembly elections and 42.5 percent of the votes cast in the 2019 general elections, and holding power in 11 states/UTs.
The plea said that 14 opposition political parties have filed a petition in light of the alarming rise in the use of coercive criminal processes against opposition political leaders and other citizens exercising their fundamental right to dissent and disagree with the central government.
The plea argued that investigating agencies such as the CBI and the ED are being increasingly deployed in a selective and targeted manner with a view to completely crushing political dissent and upending the fundamental premises of a representative democracy. The petition has been drawn and filed by advocate Shadan Farasat.
“As for arrest and remand, the petitioners seek that the triple test (whether a person is a flight risk, whether there is a reasonable apprehension of the tampering of evidence, or of the influencing or intimidating of witnesses) be used by police officers, ED officials, and courts alike for the arrest of persons in any cognizable offence except those involving serious bodily violence. Where these conditions are not satisfied, alternatives like interrogation at fixed hours or, at most, house arrest can be used to meet the demands of investigation,” added the plea. (IANS)