75th Independence Day: Know The History & Importance Of Our National Flag
13 August, 2022
1. Unofficial Flag of India in 1906 – Calcutta Flag
The journey took off in the year 1906 when the first unofficial Indian National Flag was hoisted in the Parsee Bagan Square of Kolkata.This flag which was composed of three horizontal stripes of red, yellow, and green was also known as the Calcutta flag.
2 . The Berlin Committee Flag
The second flag was unfurled in the year 1907 in Paris by one of the most prominent Indian freedom fighters, Madame Cama along with her band of exiled revolutionaries. This was also the first time an Indian Flag was being hoisted on foreign soil. Co-designed by Cama, Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, and Shyamji Krishna Varma, it was famously known as the Saptarishi flag.
3 . The Flag Used During Home Rule Movement in 1917
The third flag was hoisted by a British socialist, Dr. Annie Besant, and the "Father of the Indian unrest", Lokmanya Tilak in the year 1917. This flag was different from the previous two flags; it had five red and four green horizontal strips arranged alternately, with seven stars in the Saptarishi configuration super-imposed on them.
4. The Flag Unofficially Adopted in the Year 1921
The fourth flag was designed in the year 1921 by Pingali Venkayya who was an Indian freedom fighter from the city of Vijayawada of Andhra Pradesh. It was initially made of two colors- red and green which represented Hindus and Muslims. However, on the suggestion of Mahatma Gandhi, a white stripe was added to represent the remaining communities of India along with a spinning wheel to signify the progress of the nation.
5. The Flag Adopted in 1931
The fifth flag was adopted in the year 1931 as some people disagreed with the communal interpretation of the flag of 1921; therefore the red color was replaced with saffron which is a symbol of both Hindu yogis as well as Muslim darvesh.
6. The Present Tricolour Flag of India
The National Flag of India And finally, the Tiranga was adopted on July 22, 1947, after India got independence. Tiranga is a modification of the flag of 1931 where Charkha was replaced with Chakra and this is how our Indian National Flag completed its journey.