Abhayapuri South is one of the 126 assembly constituencies of the Assam assembly constituency. It is the 35th assembly constituency and comes under the Barpeta Lok Sabha constituency.
Assembly constituency name and number- Abhayapuri South, 35
Abhayapuri South is one of the 126 assembly constituencies of the Assam assembly constituency. It is serialised as the 35th assembly constituency and comes under the Barpeta Lok Sabha constituency. Abhayapuri as a whole is a town in the Bongaigaon district, which is almost 25 kilometres away from the Bongaigaon city. Its sub quarters are located in North Salmara and are surrounded by natural hills and forests. Abhayapuri is located 200 kilometres west of Guwahati city.
Geographically it is located at 26.33°N 90.87°E with an average elevation of 36 meters. Bongaigaon town is situated 200 kilometres away from the state capital Dispur.
Abhayapuri North has numerous educational institutions. The place has both English and Assamese medium schools as well. There are multiple colleges in the town in terms of higher education as well. A few important educational institutions of the place are- Abhayeswari H.S and M.P School, Abhayapuri School, Little Flower English Medium School, the Rajbari School, Montfort School, Faculty M.P High School, Sankardev Sishu Niketan, Jatiya Vidyalaya and many more.
The population of the Abhayapuri North assembly constituency is 243259, according to the 2011 census reports. The 2011 census report says that 100% of the total population lives in urban areas, and another 0% lives in rural areas.
India has a total of 542 parliamentary constituencies. The general category occupies a total of 441 seats, and S.C. and S.T. categories occupy 84 & 47 seats, respectively. Abhayapuri South constituency falls under the Barpeta parliamentary constituency. The Lok Sabha or the parliamentary constituency does not fall under the category of reserved seats for S.C. or S.T. In the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, Kumar Deepak Das, who represented Assam Gana Parishad, won the elections by defeating Abdul Khaleque from the Indian National Congress. The winning margin of votes was 60,913 votes.
Bongaigaon is an administrative district of Assam. The district headquarters is located in Bongaigaon itself. Bongaigaon district was formed on 29 September 1989 by combining parts of the Kokrajhar and Goalpara districts. Again in 2004, the district of Chirang was carved out of Bongaigaon district; hence there was a decrease in its size.
Geographically the district of Bongaigaon occupies an area of 1,724 square kilometres. The district is bordered by Barpeta in the East, the Brahmaputra in the south, Kokrajhar in the North, and in the west, it shares its borders with Bhutan.
There are three subdivisions in the district, which are- Bongaigaon, Bijni, and North Salmara. Additionally, there are four assembly constituencies under the Bongaigaon district, which are- Bongaigaon, Bijni, Abhayapuri North and Abhayapuri South. Out of these four assembly constituencies, Bijni falls under Kokrajhar parliamentary constituency, and the other three are under the Barpeta constituency.
As per the 2011 census, Bongaigaon district has a population of 7,38,804. Out of the total number, 375818 are males, and 362986 are females. The census report of 2011 states that 14.9% of the entire population of Bongaigaon district lives in urban areas, and 85.1% lives in rural areas. The sex ration of the district in urban areas is 960, and in rural areas, it is 967. The literacy rate combining both urban and rural areas is 69.74%, where the male literacy rate is 63.09%, and the female literacy rate is 54.26%.
People from all religious beliefs live in the Bongaigaon district. Again the 2011 census shows that Bongaigaon has 48.61% Hindu people, 50.22% Islamic people and 1.17 people belonging to other religious practices.
Language-wise there are 49% of the people in Bongaigaon speak Assamese, 43.35% speak Bengali, 3.06% speak Hindi, 1.13% speak Bodo, and 1.45% speak Rajbongshi.
Economically Bongaigaon is not very advanced. A report published in the year 2006 showed Bongaigaon as one of India's most backward districts. It also comes under one of the eleven districts of Assam, which is receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme.
Bongaigaon also has a few tourist destinations. For example, Eco-park, Bhugeswari temple, Suryapahar, Tea-garden are some of the noteworthy places to visit while in Bongaigaon.
In the 2016 assembly elections, Bongaigaon had a total of 1,74,303 registered voters. Out of the total figure, there are 90803 male voters, and 83500 are female voters. In the said election, the voter turnout percentage was 90.90%, and Ananta Kumar Malo, who represented All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF), won with a margin of 191 votes. Chandan Kumar Sarkar, who contested from the Indian National Congress, was the runner up and got 51,334 votes.
The approximate population of the Abhayapuri South assembly constituency is 287385. Out of the total population, 92.49% of people belonged to the rural area, and 7.51% of people lived in urban areas.
Cast and tribe in the constituency
In Abhayapuri South, 13.34% of people belong to the Scheduled Caste, and 2.66% of people are from the Schedule tribe.
Male/Female Electoral Distributions
As per the Election commission of India, Abhayapuri North has 174303 registered voters in the 2016 assembly elections. Out of these, 90803 are male voters, and 83500 are female voters.
Polling percentage for the last three years (which constituency has been the stronghold for which party and for how long. What has been the voting pattern)-
In the last three elections i.e. 2014, 2016, 2019, All India United Democratic Front (AIUDF) and Indian National Congress are seen to be a dominating political party gathering ample amounts of votes. INC comes in the second position, which got a comparatively lesser amount of votes than the AIUDF. In the 2016 Vidhansabha elections, Ananta Kumar Malo of the All India United Democratic Front party won with 51525 votes. The runner in the same election was Chandan Kumar Sarkar from the Indian National Congress party. The winning margin of Ananta Kumar Malo of AIUDF was 191 votes.
In the previous assembly elections, that is, the 2011 elections, Chandan Kumar Sarkar from Indian National Congress, won with 51510 votes. The runner up was Bijay Das from the AIUDF party. The winning margin was 15889 votes. As seen from both the 2011 and 2016 assembly elections, there is a switch in the winning candidates. The looser of the former election came out as a winner in the last elections.
The 2019 Lok sabha elections had Abdul Khaleque as the winner who represented Indian National Congress and won with 72008 votes, with a 49.06% share. Kumar Deepak Das was the runner up who contested from the Assam Gana Parishad and got 34.64% of the total share of votes. The lowest of all was Santanu Mukherjee from the BGANP party, who got only 0.33% of the votes.
Percentage of the vote share of political parties in the last election
The percentage of the winning party, All India United Democratic Front, is 32.5%, and the runner up party that is INC, is 32.38%. Other losing parties AGP, IND, and RPI(A) got 32.14% and 1.01%, and 0.82%, respectively, as we can see that the wave of victory is weighted towards AIUDF in the Assembly elections of 2016. However, as seen in the last two assembly elections, a shift in the winning party might be a possibility.
Candidates in the last election & result (winner and loser)
In the previous assembly election, the AIUDF candidate Ananta Kumar Malo won with a total vote of 51525 with a 32.5% share. Chandan Kumar Sarkar from the INC lost the battle with a margin of 191 votes. Rabin Banikya, a candidate from the Assam Gana Parishad party, came in the third position by securing 50957 votes. The least of them all is Nirmalendu Banikya and Ashok Dutta, who got 1602 and 1304 votes, respectively.
As observed through both the assembly and parliamentary election graph, the All India United Democratic Front is a dominating party in the said constituency. Therefore, in the coming elections too, it can be predicted that AIUDF is in a favourable position and might win the 2021 assembly elections as well.