Dudhnai is one of the 126 assembly constituencies of the Assam assembly constituency. It is the 36th assembly constituency and comes under the Barpeta Lok Sabha constituency.
Assembly constituency name and number- Dudhnai, 36
Dudhnai is one of the 126 assembly constituencies of the Assam assembly constituency. It is serialised as the 36th assembly constituency and comes under the Guwahati Lok Sabha constituency. It is a taluk in the Goalpara district of Assam. Dudhnai is located around 100 kilometres west of Guwahati city.
Geographically it is located at 25.59°0'N 90.44°0'E with an average elevation of 44 meters. Dudhnai town is situated 200 kilometres away from the state capital Dispur.
Dudhnai has numerous educational institutions. The place has both English and Assamese medium schools as well. There are multiple colleges in the town in terms of higher education as well. A few important educational institutions of the place are-
Don Bosco School, Dudhnai High School, Dudhnai Girls' High School, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, New Dudhnai Sishu Vidyalaya, St. Peters National Academy, Nirmala English High School etc.
The population of the Dudhnai assembly constituency is 276524, according to the 2011 census reports. The 2011 census report says that 85.7% of the total population lives in urban areas, and another 14.3% lives in rural areas.
India has a total of 542 parliamentary constituencies. The general category occupies a total of 441 seats, and S.C. and S.T. categories occupy 84 & 47 seats, respectively. Dudhnai constituency falls under the Guwahati parliamentary constituency. The Lok Sabha or the parliamentary constituency does not fall under the category of reserved seats for S.C. or S.T. In the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, Queen Oja, who represented Bharatiya Janata Party, won the elections by defeating Bobbeeta Sharma from the Indian National Congress. The winning margin of votes was 15041 votes.
Goalpara is an administrative district of Assam. The district headquarters is located in Goalpara itself. Earlier it was a princely state governed by the Koch Kings. The name Goalpara is taken from the word "Gwaltippika", which means the village of milkmen. Goalpara was a huge district earlier, but gradually, Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, and Dhubri were separated and became individual districts.
Geographically the district of Goalpara occupies an area of 1,824 square kilometres.
There are four assembly constituencies under the Goalpara district, which are- Dudhnai, Goalpara East, Goalpara West and Jaleswar. Out of these four assembly constituencies, Dudhnai falls under Guwahati parliamentary constituency, and the other three are under the Dhubri constituency. Dudhnai Assembly constituency is also designated as Schedule Tribe constituency.
As per the 2011 census, Goalpara district has a population of 1008183. Out of the total number, 171657 are children belonging to 0 to 6 years of age. The census report of 2011 states that 4.5% of the entire population of Goalpara district lives are of scheduled caste, and 23% of people belong to scheduled tribes. The sex ratio of the district is 964 women for every 1000 men. The literacy rate combining both urban and rural areas is 55.91%.
People from all religious beliefs live in the Goalpara district. Again the 2011 census shows that Gualpara has 34.51% Hindu people, 57.52% Islamic people and 7.72% Christain people and 0.25% belonging to other religious practices.
Language-wise there are 51.80% of the people in Goalpara speak Assamese, 29.68% speak Bengali, 1.04% speak Hindi, 7.56% speak Garo, and 5.16% speak Rabha and 3.54% people speak Bodo.
Economically Goalpara is not very advanced. A report published in the year 2006 showed Goalpara as one of India's most backward districts. It also comes under one of the eleven districts of Assam, which is receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme.
Goalpara also has a few tourist destinations. For example, Sri Surya Pahar, Shiva Temple at Dadan Hill, Pir Mazhar, Hulukanda Hill, Urpod Beel of Agia, Sri Tukreswari Hill and the like.
In the 2016 assembly elections, Dudhnai had a total of 1,82,006 registered voters. Out of the total figure, there are 91068 male voters, and 90998 are female voters. In the said election, the voter turnout percentage was 87.86%, and Dipak Kumar Rabha, who represented Bharatiya Janata Party, won with a margin of 28667 votes. Sibcharan Basumatary, who contested from the Indian National Congress, was the runner up and got 51,316 votes.
The approximate population of the Dudhnai assembly constituency is 276524. Out of the total population, 85.7% of people belonged to the rural area, and 14.3% of people lived in urban areas.
Cast and tribe in the constituency
In Dudhnai, 6.69% of people belong to the Scheduled Caste, and 43.86% of people are from the Schedule tribe.
Male/Female Electoral Distributions
As per the Election commission of India, Dudhnai has 182066 registered voters in the 2016 assembly elections. Out of these, 91068 are male voters, and 90998 are female voters.
Polling percentage for the last three years (which constituency has been the stronghold for which party and for how long. What has been the voting pattern)-
In the last three elections, i.e. 2014, 2016, 2019, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Indian National Congress are seen to be dominating political party gathering ample amounts of votes. INC comes in the second position, which got a comparatively lesser amount of votes than the BJP. In the 2016 Vidhansabha elections, Dipak Kumar Rabha of the Bharatiya Janata Party won with 79983 votes. The runner in the same election was Sibcharan Basumatary from the Indian National Congress party. The winning margin of Dipak Kumar Rabha of BJP was 28667 votes.
In the previous assembly elections, that is, the 2011 elections, Sibcharan Basumatary from Indian National Congress, won with 46890 votes. The runner up was Diganta Kumar Rabha from the Assam Gana Parishad party. The winning margin was 6017 votes. As seen from both the 2011 and 2016 assembly elections, there is a switch in the winning candidates. The winner of the former election came out as a loser in the last elections.
The 2019 Lok sabha elections had Queen Oja as the winner who represented Bharatiya Janata Party and won with 87082 votes, with a 52.23% share. Bobbeeta Sharma was the runner up who contested from the Indian National Congress and got 43.21% of the total percentage of votes. The lowest of all was Upamanyu Hazarika and Shankha Singha, both played independently, who got only 0.53% and 0.52% of the votes.
Percentage of the vote share of political parties in the last election
The percentage of the winning party, Bharatiya Janata Party, is 49.97%, and the runner up party that is INC, is 32.06%. Other losing parties AIUDF and IND got 7.06%, 4.55%, and 1.83%, respectively, as we can see that the wave of victory is weighted towards Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in both the Assembly elections and parliamentary elections of 2016 and 2019. Hence, it can be assumed that the coming assembly elections of 2021 might see the same parties as winners.
Candidates in the last election & result (winner and loser)
In the previous assembly election, the BJP candidate Dipak Kumar Rabha won with a total vote of 79983 with a 49.97% share. Sibcharan Basumatary from the INC lost the battle with a margin of 28667 votes. Meera Basumatary, a candidate from the All India United Democratic Front party, came in the third position by securing 11305 votes. The least of them all is Kangkan Khaklary and Deben Daimary, who got 7278 and 2936 votes, respectively.
As observed through both the assembly and parliamentary election graph, the Bharatiya Janata Party is a dominating party in the said constituency. Therefore, in the coming elections, too, it can be predicted that BJP is in a favourable position and might win the 2021 assembly elections as well.