What is Angina? Its types, causes, symptoms, risk factors, and treatment

Angina is when you feel squeezing, heaviness, pressure in your chest. It is a sign of heart disease. Read this article to know more about its causes and symptoms.
Representational image

Representational image

Angina is a kind of a pain in the chest that is caused by less amount blood flow into the heart. Angina is also referred to as Angina pectoris is when you feel some kind of squeezing, pressure, heaviness, tightness in your chest. It feels like something heavy thing is laid on your chest. It is basically a sign of heart disease and occurs when there is a blockage in your arteries which stops the blood flow to the heart.

What are the types?

Angina is classified into four types. They are:

• Stable angina:

It is the most common one and it gets away a few minutes of resting.

• Unstable angina:

This kind of pain occurs when you are at rest and it happens again and again. It might be an early sign of a heart attack. Immediately you need to get help from the doctor.

• Microvascular angina:

this kind of pain is common among women and it occurs when the arteries aren't functioning and the heart is not getting enough blood.

• Variant angina:

It is a rare case and mostly happens at night when you are at rest. The heart arteries get tight and cause a lot of pain.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms vary from person to person but the common sign is chest pain.

The signs are:

  1.  Aching
  2.  Burning
  3.  Discomfort
  4.  Dizziness
  5.  Fatigue
  6.  Feeling full in your chest
  7.  Feeling heavy or some kind of pressure on the chest
  8.  Vomiting
  9.  Breath difficulty
  10.  Squeezing
  11.  Sweating

One who's having stable angina must not worry much as it recovers after resting while unstable angina is something serious to worry about.

The portion of pain usually differs in men and women. For men, pain occurs in the chest, shoulder, and neck on the other hand, for women, pain occurs on the neck, jaw, belly, throat or back.

What are its causes?

Angina is a sign of heart disease. It happens when plaque becomes a blockage in the arteries and blood flow reduces in the heart.

The common causes are:

• Enlarged heart

• Blockage in a major artery of lungs

• Narrow valve in the primary part of the heart

• Swelling of the sac (heart)

Risk factors:

Some of the risk factors of angina are:

• Old age

• Genetics

• High cholesterol

• High blood pressure

• Diabetes

• Obesity

• Stress

• Having tobacco

• Inadequate work out.

Angina treatment:

Here are some treatments that you can follow which will cure your chest pain:

• Changes in lifestyle:

Recognize the reason for your pain. If an excess workout is causing chest pain then your body needs rest. If eating a heavy meal is inducing pain then switch to a light meal.

• Avoid smoking:

Smoking ruin the blood vessels and increase the chance of heart disease.

• Eat foods that are healthy for the heart:

eat foods like fruits and vegetables, whole grains, meat, fat-free dairy, etc which is good for your heart.

Meditate, practice yoga, or deep breathing in order to get rid of overstress in life.

• Get a check-up:

if you are facing pain in your chest, then you must immediately consult a doctor.

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