There are myriads of traits observed in several people who have a strong sense of self-esteem and keep on witnessing fantasies about glory or fame while there are many people who tend to exaggerate their self abilities, crave applause from society by seeking validation from them as well as exploit others, and lack empathy. Such type of behaviour is recognized as 'Narcissistic Traits'.
This article will discuss the causes of such behaviour, and how to recognise them and protect yourself from falling prey to their manipulation. It will also explain how an individual can respond to such characteristics.
What actually is Narcissism?
Narcissism is a personality characteristic that consists of entitlement, vanity and self-interest. Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is a lifelong mental health condition that leads a person to feel superior to their peer groups and who has a constant requirement for admiration and attention.
Narcissism vs Self-Love
In today's scenario, it is very crucial for individuals to accept and love their true self, nevertheless, when it turns out to be an obsession, then the traits of narcissist appears. Unlike narcissism, everyone should love and respect themselves. Self-love means unapologetically putting yourself first and doing what's best for you. It is in fact a feeling of being confident and proud of your accomplishments. On the other hand, narcissists need continuous reassurance and validation from their peers because they highly undergo a sense of superiority.
Types of Narcissism
Overt Narcissism: Those who witness this kind of behaviour are typically attention-seeking, bold and extroverted. They often become violent or aggressive at times when a person or even a situation challenges their status.
Covert Narcissism: People who undergo this kind of trait are observed s self-deprecating, shy, and withdrawn. They are often found as self-absorbed and strongly believe that they are way too far better than the others.
As per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition, NPD is an everlasting mental health disorder that appears in the form of an unrealistic sense of self-importance, finding difficulty in creating meaningful relationships, having a strong sense of mercilessness and a constant need for admiration from others.
Causes of Narcissism
According to psychologists and other research, the root of this behaviour can be traced from childhood trauma, genetics or abuse inclusive of verbal and sexual. As per a study conducted in 2015, people with such personalities possess parents who overvalued their status and achievements. Even so, parents with compassionate and warm parenting techniques lead their children to have healthy self-esteem which educates them to treat themselves as valuable and not superior.
How to Respond
It has been highly challenging to deal with a person possessing narcissistic traits. However, there are certain steps which can be endeavoured to keep a healthy relationship with them. A person can define his or her boundaries with them by less interaction and limited gathering. He or she can also limit the amount of discussion regarding his or her personal life.
When to Seek Help
Individuals going through such mental condition has been advised to speak to a psychotherapist or a psychiatrist at the earliest. It is recommended to consult the concerned doctors when the following signs are apparent:
Physical abuse such as kicking, hitting or scratching
Emotional abuse such as guilt-tripping or manipulation
Financial abuse such as controlling the money of somebody else's
Verbal abuse such as yelling, insults or threats
Is there any way to help a Narcissistic Person?
The traits of Narcissists can be improved when they get support from a compassionate and trained therapist or someone who can do the same.
Also Read: What is Anxiety Disorder? Conquer Your Anxiety Fears and Lead an Ecstatic Lifestyle