NEW DELHI: India is celebrating the 127th birth anniversary of freedom fighter and founder of the Indian National Army Subhas Chandra Bose on the 23rd of January. The stalwart leader was also popularly known as Netaji, meaning “respected leader”, due to his significant contribution towards complete independence from the British colonial regime.
Notably, Parakram Diwas is celebrated every year on the 23rd of January to honor the innumerable sacrifices that he made during the freedom struggle. Several leaders across the nation extended their wishes to the people on the auspicious occasion of Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti.
Netaji was born on 23rd January 1897 in Cuttack, Odisha to Jankinath, a renowned lawyer and Prabhavati. The charismatic leader happened to be the ninth child among 14 children, including eight sons and six daughters.
Bose was very bright during his student days. He attended the prestigious Presidency College in Calcutta but faced suspension in 1916 due to his active involvement in nationalist activities. Eventually, he graduated from Scottish Church College in 1919.
Netaji’s life took a new turn when he was sent to England’s Cambridge University due to his impressive intellect. He set out to crack the Indian civil service examination, which he managed to clear in 1920. Tempted by his strong desire to participate in the freedom struggle, he resigned from his post and returned back to India in the following year. Upon his return, he climbed up the ranks of the Indian National Congress and he became the president of the All-India Youth Congress in 1923. Thereafter, he was elected to the post of president of the Congress Party later in 1938.
Moreover, on October 21, 1943, he established the Azad Hind Fauj, also known as the Indian National Army (INA), which later went on to play a crucial role in attacking the British forces from the eastern side of undivided India. The valorous leader was conferred with the honorable title of Netaji by both German and Indian officials at the Special Bureau for India in Berlin and also by the Indian soldiers at the Azad Hind Fauj. Meanwhile, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will participate in Parakram Diwas celebrations at Red Fort to launch Bharat Parv, a nine-day long event to exhibit the country’s rich diversity and different cultures.