Uterine Fibroids are sudden growth of the uterus which are generally noncancerous which mostly develop during pregnancy. It is also referred to as leiomyomas or myomas.
Fibroids differ in sizes, it can be like seedlings that are undetectable to the eyes or could be bulky masses that causes enlargement of the uterus. Either a single fibroid could develop or multiple ones and multiple fibroids can reach up to the rib cage which can gain weight.
Most women experience this problem and the fact is that it shows no symptoms. However, rarely symptoms can be seen which is caused by the size, location, and amount of it.
Most usual signs of Uterine Fibroids:
- Heavy menstrual bleeding
- Menstrual periods lasting more than a week
- Pelvic pressure or pain
- Frequent urination
- Difficulty emptying the bladder
- Backache or leg pains
Classification of fibroids:
Fibroids are classified depending on location.
• Intramural fibroid:
It develops in the muscular uterine wall.
• Submucosal fibroids:
It develops in the uterine cavity.
• Subserosal fibroids:
It shows up outside the uterus.
What are the causes?
There exist no specific causes but factors do exist. They are:
Fibroids are present in changes in genes.
Estrogen and progesterone are containing in much amount in fibroid than that of normal uterine muscles. It gradually shrinks after the menopausal stage.
Extracellular matrix (ECM).
ECM which helps the cells to stay together is increased in fibroids and leads to fibrous.
Usually, this condition is not that grievous but certain complications might show up such as anaemia that might lead to fatigue.
This doesn't hamper pregnancy but submucosal fibroids can cause pregnancy loss or infertility. It might too cause pregnancy complications like preterm delivery, fetal growth restriction, etc.
Uterus Fibroid treatment without surgery:
Fibroids can be treated with certain medications and some at-home therapies and changes in lifestyles. But always consulting a doctor is a better option before opting for any treatment.
Certain studies have shown that excess weight and obesity might increase the possibility of uterine fibroids because fat cells can form higher estrogen levels. Losing weight can help in the reduction of size.
What diet to follow?
Unprocessed fibre-enriched food helps in losing weight, maintains a hormonal level,s and curbs appetite.
Food such as:
Vegetables and fruit
Lentils and beans
Whole grain bread and pasta
Fresh and dried herbs
Vitamins for fibroids:
This condition can affect bloating, cramping, and menstrual pain. These vitamins can help prevent it:
Omega-3 fatty acids
Green tea possesses an antioxidant compound called flavanol. Studies have shown that consuming green tea can aid to prevent fibroids.
Turmeric contains curcumin which is quite an active antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial element. Studies have found out that it ruins fibrotic cells and curbs them from producing.