Guwahati: The 5th round report of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) 2019-20 gives valuable information on matters like health, population, and nutrition for the various States and Union Territories in India.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India appointed International Institute of Population Sciences (IIPS), Mumbai as the nodal agency to survey.
In this 5th round, themes like preschool education, disability, access to a toilet facility and death registration, were added. The prime objective of the NFHS series has been to furnish high-quality data on health and family welfare and pertinent issues in this domain.
NFHS-5 fieldwork in Assam was conducted by Nielsen India Pvt Ltd between June and December 2019. Around 30,119 households participated in the survey, including 34,979 women and 4,973 men.
In the Bodoland Territorial Region (BTR), the survey shows that women between 15 – 49 years are highly anaemic. The BTR comprises of four districts, namely Kokrajhar, Chirang, Baksa and Udalguri with a population of 3,155,359. The new chief of the region is Pramod Boro of the United People's Party Liberal (UPPL).
The survey further shows that in Kokrajhar district, 59.5 per cent of women are anaemic, which is followed by Chirang and Baksa districts (65.2 per cent and 73.6 per cent), respectively.
In Udalguri district, 81.5 per cent of women are anaemic, much higher than Assan's rate of 65.95 per cent.
In terms of anaemia in children aged between 6-59 months, all the four districts of the region are higher than the overall state rate of 68.4 per cent.
In BTR, men have a higher rate of blood sugar as compared to women. The sex ratio of BTR region is much better than the sex ratio of Assam alone.
With the change in the administration, people now hope that the health of the citizens of this region will get better.