Gossaigaon is one of the 126 assembly constituencies of the Assam assembly constituency. It is the 28th assembly constituency and comes under the Kokrajhar Lok Sabha constituency.
Assembly constituency name and number- Gossaigaon, 28
Gossaigaon is one of the 126 assembly constituencies of the Assam assembly constituency. It is serialized as the 28th assembly constituency and comes under the Kokrajhar Lok Sabha constituency. It's a small town that comes under the Bodoland region of the state of Assam, India. The place is surrounded by forest areas and has a small river called Madati. The forest areas have saleable trees, which include Shorea Robusta, Tectona Grandis, and Mornai tea estate is also an essential part of the place. It is an agriculturally advanced place that practices both modern scientific ways of farming and organic farming. Gossaigaon has diverse religious people living in one place. Geographically it is located at 26°25'11N 89°59'03E with an average elevation of 50 meters. It has deciduous and evergreen vegetation with grasslands at patches.
Gossaigaon town has numerous educational institutions. The place has a college named Gossaigaon College, which has all the three streams of Arts, Commerce and Science from 10+2 level till the graduation level. The college also offers post graduation in Economics and Geography. Other than that, there are numerous schools in Gossaigaon, and a few of them are- Gossaigaon Boys' Higher Secondary School, Gossaigaon Girls' High School, St. Anthony's English Medium High School, Shastri Vidyapith, Sankardev Vidya Niketan, Little Star English Medium School, Collegiate High School, Sunrise English Medium School etc., Gossaigaon also has a B.Ed college and students from the town as well as from the nearby places come for enrollment in the college.
Additionally, in terms of healthcare, the town has the Rajendra Narayan Basumatary civil hospital, which is the biggest hospital in the area with a hundred-bed facility located in the Harubil locality of the constituency. Additionally, there is a government hospital in Gossaigaon called Gossaigaon C.H.C, which is situated near the Gossaigaon Government Higher Secondary School. There are a state veterinary dispensary and a block veterinary dispensary which is near the Gossaigaon C.H.C, along with sub-divisional animal husbandry and a veterinary office.
As far as connectivity and transportation are concerned, the Gossaigaon constituency has a railway station called as Gossaigaon Hat railway station, which runs both passenger trains and mail trains. It also has multiple bus stations providing small vehicles and buses to different parts of lower Assam and bordering areas of West Bengal. It is well connected to Siliguri, Cooch Bihar, Alipurduar. Buses also run to and fro from Bongaigaon, Kokrajhar, Barpeta Road, Dhubri, and Goalpara.
India has a total of 542 parliamentary constituencies. The general category occupies a total of 441 seats, and S.C. and S.T. categories occupy 84 & 47 seats, respectively. Gossaigaon constituency falls under the Kokrajhar parliamentary constituency. The Lok Sabha or the parliamentary constituency falls under the category of reserved seats for S.T. Kokrajhar Lok Sabha constituency has 1,377,837 electorates in total, out of which 707,603 are males, and 670,234 are females based on the 2009 Election Commission data. In the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, Naba Kumar Sarania, who contested independently, won the elections by defeating Pramila Rani Brahma from the Bodoland People's Front. The winning margin of votes was 39,146 votes. [Also Check - List of Gossaigaon Assembly (Vidhan Sabha) Polling Booths]
Kokrajhar is an administrative district in the Bodoland Territorial Region of Assam. The district headquarter is located in Kokrajhar itself, with an area of 3,169.22 square kilometres, which is predominantly inhabited by the Bodo tribe. Kokrajhar predominantly has two sub-divisions, namely- Gossaigaon and Parbatjhora and five revenue circles called- Kokrajhar, Bhaoraguri, Dotma, Gossaigaon, and Bagribari. According to the 2011 census, Kokrajhar has a population of 887,141 with 467th ranking in India out of 640.
Geographically the district of Kokrajhar occupies an area of 3,192 square kilometres. The district is bordered by Bongaigaon, Dhubri, West Bengal, Barpeta and Bhutan. It is located in the North-Eastern part of the Brahmaputra and is a gateway to the seven sister states.
As per the 2011 census, Gossaigaon district has a population of 887,142 with 467th ranking in all India basis. The population density of the district is 280 inhabitants per square kilometre. From the year 2001 to 2010, Kokrajhar has seen a population growth of 5.19, and it has a literacy rate of 66.63%. The sex ratio of the district is 958 females for every 1000 male.
In the year 2006, the Indian government labelled Kokrajhar as one of the country's 250 most backward districts. It's one of the eleven districts of Assam which is currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme.
In terms of tourism, Kokrajhar has Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary spreading across to a vast area. It is the major tourist destination of the district and a treasure trove of wildlife, flora and fauna. It is home to many rare animals like the golden langur, rhesus macaque, Indian pipistrelle, Chinese pangolin, Asiatic Jackal, and Bengal Fox. Additionally, various species of birds like hornbill, little cormorant, night heron, cotton teal, the open billed stork can be seen in Kokrajhar.
There are also other sightseeing spots in Kokrajhar, such as Daimalu park, Thandwai Brahma Memorial Park, Mahamaya Dham, Mahamaya Sanghat Mandir etc. One can also enjoy thrilling adventurous activities like river rafting, river camping, canoeing in Kokrajhar. The markets in Kokrajhar also offers beautiful ethenic and handmade souvenirs made of bamboo, wood, clay and the like.
In the 2016 assembly elections, Gossaigaon had a total of 1,66,057 registered voters. Out of the total figure, there are 86,020 male voters, and 80,037 are female voters. In the said election, the voter turnout percentage was 85.37%, and Majendra Narzary, who represented BOPF, won with a margin of 6041 votes. Ravi Sankar Kasireddy, who contested from AIUDF, was the runner up, and he got 39476 votes.
Male/Female Electoral Distributions
As per the Election commission of India, Gossaigaon has 1,66,057 registered voters in the 2016 assembly elections. Out of these, 86,020 are male voters, and 80,037 are female voters.
Polling percentage for the last three years (which constituency has been the stronghold for which party and for how long. What has been the voting pattern) -
In the last three elections i.e. 2014, 2016, 2019, IND1 is seen to be a dominating and consistent political party gathering ample amounts of votes. PDF comes in the second position, which got a comparatively lesser amount of votes than the IND1. However, in the 2016 Vidhansabha elections, Majendra Narzary of the BOPF party won with 45517 votes. The runner of the same election was Ravi Sankar Kasireddy from the AIUDF party. Rajendra Narzary from the BOPF party won with a margin of 6041 votes.
In the previous assembly elections, that is, the 2011 elections, the same contender Majendra Narzary from BOPF won with 47543 votes. The runner up was Khairul Alam Miah from the AIUDF party. The winning margin was 20945 votes.
The 2019 Lok sabha elections have Naba Kumar Sarania as the winner who contested independently and won with 57405 votes, with a 37.68% share. Pramila Rani Brahma was the runner up who contested from the BOPF and got 24.26% of the total share of votes. The lowest of all was Rajesh Narzary from the VPI party, who got only 1.05% of votes.
Percentage of the vote share of political parties in the last election
The percentage of winning party BOPF is 31.93%, and the runner up party that is AIUDF is 27.69%. Other losing parties INC and IND, got 22.58% and 12.57%, respectively, as we can see that the wave of victory is weighted towards BOPF in the Assembly elections; the same might repeat this year as well.
Candidates in the last election & result (winner and Looser)
In the last assembly election, the BOPF candidate Majendra Narzary won with a total vote of 45517 with a 31.93% share. Ravi Sankar Kasireddy from the AIUDF lost the battle with a margin of 6041 votes. Ashim Hasda from the Indian National Congress came in the third position by securing 32,187 votes. The least of them all is Somnath Narzary and Wilson Hasda, both contested independently and got 17924 and 3786 votes, respectively.
As observed through both the assembly and parliamentary elections, the graph is not quite stable. As for the current situation, it can be said that the dominating party in the said constituency is BOPF. Therefore, in the coming elections, too, it can be predicted that BOPF is in a favourable position and might win the 2021 assembly elections as well.