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Assam Flood Alert Update 2021: Govt Takes Stock of Flood Preparedness

Assam faced major floods in 1954, 1962, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1988, 1998, 2002, 2004 and 2012. Almost every year three to four waves of flood ravage the flood-prone areas of Assam.

Assam Flood Alert Update 2021: Govt Takes Stock of Flood Preparedness

Sentinel Digital Desk

Why Flood Situation in Assam

Assam with its vast network of rivers is prone to natural disasters like floods and erosion which has a negative impact on the overall development of the state. The Brahmaputra and Barak River with more than 50 numbers of tributaries feeding them, causes flood devastation in the monsoon period each year. The flood and erosion problem of Assam is singularly different from other states so far as extent and duration of flooding and magnitude of erosion is concerned and is probably the most acute and unique in the country.

The flood-prone area of the assam as assessed by the Rashtriya Barh Ayog (RBA) is 31.05 Lakh Hectares against the total area of state 78.523 Lakh Hectares i.e. about. 39.58 % of the total land area of Assam. This is about 9.40% of the total flood-prone area of the country. Records show that the average annual area affected by floods is 9.31 Lakh Hectares. The flood-prone area of the country as a whole stands at about 10.2 % of the total area of the country, but the flood-prone area of Assam is 39.58 % of the area of the state. It signifies that the flood-prone area of Assam is four times the national mark of the flood-prone area of the country.

During the post-independence period, Assam faced major floods in 1954, 1962, 1972, 1977, 1984, 1988, 1998, 2002, 2004 and 2012. Almost every year three to four waves of flood ravage the flood-prone areas of Assam. The average annual loss due to flood in Assam is to the tune of Rs. 200.00 Crores and particularly in 1998, the loss suffered was about Rs. 500.00 Crores and during the year 2004 it was about Rs. 771.00 Crores.

Sl.

Survey Period

Area Covered by Brahmaputra River

1

First survey (1912-28)

3,870 km²

2

Second survey (1963-75)

4,850 km²

3

Third survey (2006 NESAC):

6,080 km²

Breaches of embankment due to bank erosion by the rivers have become a common phenomenon. New areas are being affected by erosion every year. The riverine fertile agricultural lands of the state are reducing due to erosion, which has a very negative impact on the rural economy of the state.

The extent of damage due to bank erosion is alarming in nature which can be seen from the following table (as assessed by the Revenue Department):

Live Updates

  • 1 July 2021 12:20 PM GMT

    Minister Pijush Hazarika Visits Flood and Erosion-affected Areas in Doomdooma

    State Water Resources Minister Pijush Hazarika visited the flood and erosion-affected areas of Sadiya subdivision on Monday. He inspected the Kundil River at 8th Mile, and the Balijan River at Udaypur, Sunnpura. Finally, he visited the erosion site of Kundil River at 5th Mile of Purani Lakhimpuria where there was heavy erosion last year. He was accompanied by MP, Lakhimpur Parliamentary Constituency, Pradan Baruah, local MLA Bolin Chetia and the officials of Sadiya subdivision administration and the water resources department.

  • 1 July 2021 12:19 PM GMT

    Flood Preparedness Review Meeting held in Sonitpur District

    The meeting discussed the preparedness for the upcoming flood situation, the status of deployment of SDRF/ NDRF, the status of life-saving equipment, setting up of COVID-19 protocol compliant Model Relief Camps, coordination of stakeholders among others.

    The officials from ASDMA appraised the district administration about the latest SOP issued by ASDMA which stresses the need to find bigger spaces to set up relief camps to ensure social distancing between two inmates in view of the COVID situation. As per these guidelines, a space of 7 sq m per person is required to ensure the norm of 1 m social distancing. Moreover, drinking water provision of 30 liters per person per day, availability of toilets in a 1:30 ratio, regular sanitization, ensuring COVID appropriate behavior in relief camps, and other important issues were also discussed.

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